Privacidad y nueva reforma del Código Penal

Recientemente el Gobierno ha anunciado “La Reforma del Código Penal”, con un Anteproyecto de Ley impulsado por el Ministro de Justicia (D. Alberto Ruíz Gallardón) en el que se tipifican nuevos delitos con la finalidad de dar respuesta  a nuevos contextos y realidades sociales, incluyendo las nuevas tecnologías.

La reforma, que ha hecho un especial énfasis en la protección de las víctimas, destaca como aspecto novedoso la regulación por primera vez en España de la protección de su derecho a la intimidad, castigando hasta con un año de prisión la difusión no autorizada de imágenes o grabaciones íntimas obtenidas con consentimiento de la víctima pero sin autorización para su difusión.

Este punto, representa un gran avance en nuestro ordenamiento jurídico ya que el Código Penal vigente sólo castiga el apoderamiento o interceptación de cartas o mensajes privados de la víctima, pero no preveía los supuestos en los que la misma se los facilitaba a la persona que luego los difundía, como sucedió con el tan sonado caso de la Concejal de Los Yébenes (Olvido Hormigos), cuyo video, fue difundido y subido a internet, y obtuvo una gran difusión mediática.

Por otra parte, es importante destacar que la sanción no se realiza por haber obtenido las imágenes, sino por la mera “divulgación”,  que en la actualidad es mucho más fácil por la gran cantidad de medios de difusión, especialmente los disponibles por internet, caracterizados por su fácil acceso, y gran difusión.

Otras de las novedades presentadas por el Ministro de Justicia, afectan al acoso a las mujeres a través del uso indebido de datos para atentar contra su libertad o patrimonio que será castigado con hasta dos años de cárcel, al tiempo que se sancionará con hasta doce meses de multa la vulneración de dispositivos electrónicos impuestos para proteger a las víctimas de violencia de género; donde el Ministro en sus declaraciones ha puesto como ejemplo el uso indebido de datos personales con el fin de que terceras personas se pongan en contacto con la víctima.

Igualmente, se impondrán doce meses de multa por la inutilización de dispositivos electrónicos para el control de penas y medidas de seguridad cautelar con el objetivo de proteger a las mujeres, muy especialmente a las que han sido objeto de violencia doméstica.

La Reforma del Código Penal va dirigida también a la lucha contra los abusos y explotación sexual de menores o personas con discapacidad y contra los que usando medios tecnológicos engañe a los menores para obtener imágenes pornográficas. Aspecto importante y demandando por la sociedad ante el incremento de la pornografía infantil en internet a través de servicios ofrecidos por redes sociales, Chats, programas de intercambio de ficheros, etc., donde resulta vital además de la formación e información a los niños de los riesgos presentes en internet, el hecho de que sea castigable penalmente los referidos actos delictivos realizados bajo un entorno online.

 

Privacy and new reform of the Criminal Code

Recently the Government announced “The Reform of the Criminal Code” with a draft bill driven by the Minister of Justice (D. Alberto Ruíz Gallardón). In this bill new crimes are classified, so that answers can be given in new contexts and social realities, including new technologies.

The reform, that has put a special focus on the protection of victims, highlights, as a new aspect, the regulation of the protection of rights to intimacy for the first time in Spain. A punishment of up to one year in prison could be given for the unauthorized diffusion of intimate images or videos obtained with consent from the victim but without authorization for diffusion of the material.

This point represents a great advance in our legal system given that the Criminal Code in force only penalizes the appropriation or interception of the victim’s private letters or messages. However, it does not foresee the cases in which victim supplies said material to the person that later divulges the material. This is what happened in the well-known case of the Councillor of Los Yébenes (Olvido Hormigos), whose video was divulged and uploaded on the internet, and circulated largely throughout the media.

On the other hand, it is important to highlight that punishment is not given for having obtained the images, but for the mere “disclosure”. This, nowadays, is a lot easier due to the large quantity of diffusion methods, especially those available on the internet, which is characteristized by its easy access and great diffusion.

Another change presented by the Minister of Justice affects the abuse of women through the misuse of data in order to threaten their freedom or patrimony. In this case, the punishment could be up to two years in prison, while a fine of up to twelve months will be given for violation of electronic devices imposed in order to protect victims of domestic violence. Here, in his declarations, the Minister has stated, as an example, the misuse of personal data with the objective of allowing third parties to contact the victim.

Similarly, a fine of twelve months will be given for the deactivation of electronic devices in order to control penalties and precautionary security measures with the aim of protecting women, especially those that have been victims of domestic violence.

The Reform of the Criminal Code also focuses on the fight against sexual abuse and exploitation of young people or disabled people, as well as against those that mislead young people through technological means in order to obtain pornographic images. This is an important and demanding aspect in society as it is facing an increase in child porn on the internet through services offered by social networks, such as online chat websites, file-sharing programmes, etc. With these sites it is vital that children are properly educated and informed about the risks of the internet, and the fact that the mentioned criminal acts carried out on the internet are punishable as a crime.

 

Privacy and new reform of the Criminal Code

Recently the Government announced “The Reform of the Criminal Code” with a draft bill driven by the Minister of Justice (D. Alberto Ruíz Gallardón). In this bill new crimes are classified, so that answers can be given in new contexts and social realities, including new technologies.

The reform, that has put a special focus on the protection of victims, highlights, as a new aspect, the regulation of the protection of rights to intimacy for the first time in Spain. A punishment of up to one year in prison could be given for the unauthorized diffusion of intimate images or videos obtained with consent from the victim but without authorization for diffusion of the material.

This point represents a great advance in our legal system given that the Criminal Code in force only penalizes the appropriation or interception of the victim’s private letters or messages. However, it does not foresee the cases in which victim supplies said material to the person that later divulges the material. This is what happened in the well-known case of the Councillor of Los Yébenes (Olvido Hormigos), whose video was divulged and uploaded on the internet, and circulated largely throughout the media.

On the other hand, it is important to highlight that punishment is not given for having obtained the images, but for the mere “disclosure”. This, nowadays, is a lot easier due to the large quantity of diffusion methods, especially those available on the internet, which is characteristized by its easy access and great diffusion.

Another change presented by the Minister of Justice affects the abuse of women through the misuse of data in order to threaten their freedom or patrimony. In this case, the punishment could be up to two years in prison, while a fine of up to twelve months will be given for violation of electronic devices imposed in order to protect victims of domestic violence. Here, in his declarations, the Minister has stated, as an example, the misuse of personal data with the objective of allowing third parties to contact the victim.

Similarly, a fine of twelve months will be given for the deactivation of electronic devices in order to control penalties and precautionary security measures with the aim of protecting women, especially those that have been victims of domestic violence.

The Reform of the Criminal Code also focuses on the fight against sexual abuse and exploitation of young people or disabled people, as well as against those that mislead young people through technological means in order to obtain pornographic images. This is an important and demanding aspect in society as it is facing an increase in child porn on the internet through services offered by social networks, such as online chat websites, file-sharing programmes, etc. With these sites it is vital that children are properly educated and informed about the risks of the internet, and the fact that the mentioned criminal acts carried out on the internet are punishable as a crime.